Early childhood education and care comprise a broad variety of full-work-day and full-school-day, extending from commercial advocacy, educational and social welfare. Early childhood education and care is funded and implemented in various modes in the private and public areas, which are developed with a focus on the ‘care’ part of the program and in some situations they concentrate on ‘education’ or aim at achieving both. Attaining a diploma of early childhood education and care, qualifies a person to work in pre-schools, child care centers, and family child care homes. Quality teacher education is determined by the minimum qualification requirement that is set by policy makers. Accreditation is a process that is put in place, to make sure that different teacher education fulfill the existing standards in the teaching profession. Therefore, a diploma of early childhood education and care prepares a person to gain fundamental skills for example classroom management, student assessment, and teaching methodologies. A diploma of early childhood education and care is best for individuals who are interested to work in the children services sector as well as those who are in the field.
Basis of Early Childhood
Early childhood is based on the assumption that the entire child in all stages of growth offers a wider comprehension from various perspectives. There is a biological ground of behavior and growth in children; for instance, one thing that affects a child is stress that determine their behavior. Educated teachers may use such information to work with children and their families in early encounters.
Curriculum is a paramount element of an inclusive early childhood program. It is made up of the content that is taught and the techniques of recognizing and training each student. An inclusive early childhood program utilizes a developmentally suitable curriculum as its bedrock, which fulfills the individual’s needs of every child in a learning environment.
Discipline Techniques in Early Childhood Programs
Discipline is a sensitive issue in the development and behavior of children. A complete early childhood program includes the use of positive discipline techniques. A teacher is expected to direct children to manage their behavior thus developing self-control. These approaches include:
- Encouraging children to discuss what is happening
- Producing alternative ways to behave in the future.
- Providing a choice of tolerable options and request a child to choose one.
- Redirecting a child to alternative conduct.
The most important aspect is to respect a child’s autonomy and his or her right to behave in various but acceptable attitudes.
Role of a Professional in Learning Process of Children
A teacher can make a difference in the lives of children together with their development. This is achieved through:
- How they conduct themselves, and
- What type of learning they acquire from teachers
A professional in early childhood impacts the children’s lives through supporting their primary caregivers and have direct contact with them.
Assessing children is part and parcel of a teacher’s job, which include watching and analyzing their development and behavior. A teacher is, therefore, responsible for setting particular goals for children and the entire class performance.